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Adulthood Doesn’t Cut Off Court Jurisdiction

On Behalf of | Jan 31, 2022 | Firm News

This week the Minnesota Court of Appeals held that Minnesota Courts retain jurisdiction over

the custody of adult children in the case In Re the Custody of S.E.R.R. S.E.R.R. was born in Guatemala and abandoned by his mother.
S.E.R.R.’s grandparents raised him in Guatemala while Father sent financial support from the U.S. In 2019, S.E.R.R. witnessed a crime that put his safety at risk and his grandparents said they could no longer take care of him. He fled to the U.S. where he was detained and put into removal proceedings by U.S. Immigration. Father obtained S.E.R.R.’s release into his care and filed a custody petition as a precursor to applying for Special Immigrant Juvenile Status under U.S. immigration laws to spare S.E.R.R. from deportation.
Father’s petition was filed in April 2020 when S.E.R.R. was 17, however, it was not heard until October 2020, when S.E.R.R. was 18 years old. The district court denied Father’s petition reasoning it lacked subject matter jurisdiction because S.E.R.R. was now an adult. The Court of Appeals held that the district court had subject matter jurisdiction at the time the petition was filed and that no provision of Minn. Stat. § 518D.201 vacated that jurisdiction based on a child’s age. Importantly, the Court of Appeals noted that the idea that a child is no longer a “child” when they turn 18 is disputed by the definition of “child” contained in Minn. Stat. § 518A.26 which includes individuals under 20 that are still enrolled in secondary school or those who incapable of self-support by reason of physical or mental condition. The Court of Appeals held that S.E.R.R. is still enrolled in secondary school and incapable of self-support and therefore fits the definition of child under the statute.
What Does This Mean For Me? Often parties are dealing with custody and child support issues for older children that remain enrolled in school and may even be legal adults. Many families have adult children that need on-going care by their parents. The Courts are still able to provide relief to parties in these situations. Contact Messick Law PLLC today.